Delivering medicine to the world’s poorest people is a challenge. Hot, poor places such as Tanzania have many microbes but microscopic health budgets. Dangerous myths deter many sick rural folk from seeking medical help. Even if they do seek help, it is often unavailable, for they do not have the money to pay for it, and their government rarely has the money to give it to them for free. Because they cannot afford adequate health care, poor people are sick a lot of the time. And because they are sick a lot of the time, they find it hard to put in the long hours of productive labour that might make them less poor.
All hope is not lost, however. A recent experiment in Tanzania has shown that a small health budget can go a long way, provided that the money is spent with care. With the help of a Canadian charity, the Tanzanian health ministry set up a health project in two rural districts, with a combined population of about 700,000. Five years ago, annual health spending in Tanzania was about 8 a head. This figure included an estimate for the annual cost of trained staff. The charity added 2 a head to the pot, on condition that it was spent rationally. By this, the donors meant that the amount of money spent on fighting a particular disease should reflect the burden that disease imposed on the local population.
This may sound obvious; however, in this region, no one had a clue which diseases caused the most trouble, so the first task was to find out. Researchers were sent out to carry out a door-to-door survey, asking representative households whether anyone had been ill or died recently, and if so with what symptoms. These raw numbers were then crunched to produce a ‘burden of disease’ profile for the two districts. In other words, researchers sought to measure how many years of life were being lost to each disease, including the damage done to families when breadwinners die.
They then compared their results with the amount spent by the local health authorities on each disease and found that it bore no relation whatsoever to the harm which the disease inflicted on local people. Some diseases were horribly neglected, such as malaria, which accounted for 30% of the years of life lost but only 5% of the health budget. Other conditions, meanwhile, attracted more than their fair share of cash. Tuberculosis, which accounted for less than 4% of years of life lost, received 22% of the budget.
This tiny infusion of cash from the Canadians, in the form of an extra 2 a head, was enough to allow the districts health authorities to make their spending reflect the disease burden. The results of all this were stunning. Infant mortality fell by 28% between 1999 and 2000 and the proportion of children dying before their fifth birthday dropped by 14%.

Gunakan Petunjuk A dalam menjawab soal nomor 41 sampai nomor 45.

41. What can be inferred from paragraph 1?
(A) People in African countries do not go to doctors due to perilous myth.
(B) The budget for health in Tanzania is lowas there aren’t many diseases.
(C) When people in Tanzania are sick, they have no hope to recover.
(D) In Tanzania medical treatment is accessible for the poor.
(E) Poverty and illness in Tanzania are like a vicious cycle.

42. The most suitable title for the text is _____
(A) The Effects of an Aid Package from a Canadian Charity
(B) The General Health Condition of Tanzanian People
(C) A Survey on the Health Condition in Tanzania
(D) The Difference a Small Increase in a Tiny Health Budget can Make
(E) Deadly and Virulent Diseases Found among the Tanzanian

43. The term a ‘burden of disease’ in paragraph 3 means _____.
(A) the worse the disease the more the burden
(B) the relative effects of different diseases on a society
(C) a disease is burdensome for the poor
(D) each society and family has its own burden caused by disease
(E) a disease affects not only the sick but also the breadwinner.

44. The purpose of the writer in writing this article is probably to _____.
(A) show how generous foreign institutions can be in helping other countries
(B) persuade other countries to copy the Tanzanian model
(C) showhowthe money is spent is more important than how much is spent
(D) explain the types of diseases people can find in Tanzania
(E) invite donors to donate money to countries in need of cash

45. Which of the following statements about the text is FALSE?
(A) The additional amount donated by the Canadian charity was carefully spent.
(B) The budget allocated for each person included the training cost for the medical staff.
(C) The presence of myth in Tanzania may have discouraged people to go to doctors.
(D) A serious disease probably affected not only the patient but also the family.
(E) The amount of budget allocated to each disease depended on how harmful a disease was.

Recent technological advances in manned and unmanned undersea vehicles have overcome some of the limitations of divers and diving equipment. Without a vehicle, divers often become sluggish and their mental concentration becomes limited. Because of undersea pressure which affected their speech organs, communication among divers was difficult or impossible. But today, most oceanographers make observations by means of instruments which are lowered into the ocean or from samples taken from the water. Direct observations of the ocean floor are made not only by divers but also by deep-diving submarines. Some of these submarines can dive to depths of more than seven miles and cruise at depths of thousand feet. Radio-equipped buoys can be operated by remote control in order to transmit information back to land-based laboratories.

Gunakan Petunjuk A dalam menjawab soal nomor 46 sampai nomor 47.

46. Which of the following statements is the most suitable concluding sentence of the paragraph?
(A) In short, the technology in undersea exploration should be improved.
(B) Therefore, divers should avoid undersea pressure to be able to communicate.
(C) In fact, deep-diving submarines are the best means for oceanographers to conduct undersea explorations.
(D) To conclude, it is the radios divers use to communicate that makes the underseae xploration successful.
(E) Thus, successful communication in the exploration of ocean greatly depends on the divers and vehicles.

47. The main idea of the passage tells us the reasons why _____ .
(A) undersea vehicles were not well-equipped for explorations
(B) recent exploration of the ocean has proved to be successful
(C) high technology for undersea exploration was not implemented earlier
(D) divers could not communicate well with land-based laboratories
(E) deep-diving submarines can send information to divers in the laboratories

Gunakan Petunjuk A dalam menjawab soal nomor 48 sampai nomor 55.

48. Sinta: I used to love going to Puncak over the weekend.
Luli: _____
(A) I love Puncak too.
(B) So, where do you go now?
(C) That’s great. Why don’t we go next week?
(D) So, you still enjoy going to Puncak?
(E) Why do you like it so much?

49. Dani was extremely tired when he arrived, because he _________ for his flight for three hours.
(A) waited
(B) was waiting
(C) had waited
(D) had been waiting
(E) had been waited

50. _____ students studying in a foreign country are provided with information about literacy practices and academic culture of that country, they will feel stranded in that academic environment.
(A) As
(B) In order that
(C) Unless
(D) As soon as
(E) Where

51. Bambang : Business people complain that there is a sharp increase of Chinese products flooding the Indonesian market.
Yudi : It _____ due to the last year’s trade agreement between Indonesia and China.
(A) must be
(B) has to be
(C) would be
(D) should be
(E) would rather be

52. The term ’rock’, ____ a shortened form of ’rock-and-roll’, was coined by an American broadcaster to replace ’rhythm-and-blues’.
(A) it is
(B) which is
(C) for which
(D) which it is
(E) is

53. “I would rather have graduated from the University of New York last year.” This sentence means that I _____ from the University of Yew York last year.
(A) wouldn’t graduate
(B) won’t graduate
(C) don’t graduate
(D) didn’t graduate
(E) haven’t graduated               

54. _____ known as the country of Timor Leste was once part of Indonesia.
(A) That is now
(B) What is now
(C) Now is
(D) That now
(E) What now

55. “Had there been good teaching facilities in the school, every teacher would have been able to teach their students effectively”.
From the sentence above, we can conclude that _____.
(A) teaching and learning will be effective
(B) the quality of teaching was good
(C) there was no difference in the teaching method
(D) the teachers taught the students effectively
(E) there were no good teaching facilities in the school

The option of home schooling has been around for a long time; ___(56)___, until recently it had not been so popular. The idea of home schooling seems like a cure-all to many parents due to the advantages this type of education provides over traditional schools. Children who are home schooled can ___(57)___ many of the problems schools have become known for. For one, the environment is less threatening. Children can learn without ___(58)___ other students, aggressive or nasty teachers, and be under the constant supervision of parents. ___(59)___, home schooling allows parents to dictate the academic course of their children. Home schooling also allows students to proceed at their own speed. If a child is weak at ___(60)___, a parent can focus lessons on this skill in favor of another skill that the child might grasp rather easily.

Gunakan Petunjuk A dalam menjawab soal nomor 56 sampai nomor 60.

56. ...
(A) even though
(B) in addition
(C) however
(D) whereas
(E) in other words

57. ...
(A) encounter
(B) pursue
(C) ignore
(D) avoid
(E) break

58. ...
(A) scaring
(B) feared
(C) fear of
(D) afraid of
(E) fearing

59. ...
(A) Therefore
(B) However
(C) Thus
(D) So
(E) In addition

60. ...
(A) multiplying
(B) multiple
(C) multiply
(D) multiplication
(E) multiplied
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