Blood Diamonds, also know as “Conflict Diamonds”, are stones produced in arenas controlled by rebel forces that are opposed to internationally recognized governments. The rebels sel these diamonds, and the money is used to purchase arms for their military actions. Blood Diamonds are often produced through the forced labor of men, women and children. _31_, they are commonly stolen during shipment or seized by attacking the mining operations of legitimate producers. The stones are then smuggled into the international diamond trade and _32_ as legitimate gems. Enormous amounts of money are at stake and bribes, threats, torture, and murder are modes of operation. This is why the term “blood diamonds” is used. The United Nations and other group are working to block the entry of conflict diamonds into the _33_ diamond trade. Their approach has been to develop a government _34_ procedure known as the Kimberly Process This procedure requires each nation to certify that all rough diamond exports are produced through legimate mining and sales activity. All rough diamonds exported from these nations are to be accompained by certificates. Retail customers buying a cut diamond are encouraged to insist upon a sales receipt which documents that their diamond is from a conflict free source.

31. ....
A. Also
B. Hence
C. Therefore
D. Nevertheless
E. On the other hand

32. ....
A. sold
B. used
C. shared
D. prepared
E. delivered

33. ....
A. local
B. bilateral
C. national
D. worldwide
E. metropolitan

34. ....
A. certifies
B. certifying
C. certifiable
D. certificate
E. certification

     Strategic flooding is a highly risky tactic. It can only be successful if there’s a well-thought-out backup plan and a plan for fast repairs. Floods can result in loss of life and damage homes and businesses, and when the water remains inland for a long time, it can change the landscape through erosion and deposition, froming new tidal channels and creeks.
     During the Eighty Years War, as the Spanish army fought to recapture terrirory in what is now northern Belgium and southwestern Netherlands in the late sixteenth century, the Dutch rebels led by William of Orange decided to use the low-lying, flood-prone landscape to their advantage. In an attempt to liberate Bruges, Ghent and Antwerp from Spanish dominance and defend their territory, the rebels destroyed seawalls at strategic places from 1584 to 1586 to cause deliberate, large-scale floods.
     The area flooded during the Eighty Years War became part of a strategic line of defense and remained inundated for more than 100 years in some places, with profound consequences for the landscape. The plan got completely our of hand, and it came at the expense of the countryside of northern Flanders, now Zeeland Fanders.
     After thewaters receded, a thick layer of clay covered all remnants of buildings and roads in the area. As sea water was used, soil salinity increased, affecting agricultural yileds, being as damaging as floods caused by heavy rainfall or strom surges.

35. According to the text, which of the following statements is FALSE?
A. Agricultural crops are disturbed because of the rise of soil salinity brought by sea water.
B. The Dutch utilized the landscape which was easily flooded to beat the Spanish.
C. Fast restoration was one of the ways to ensure the success of strategic flooding.
D. Three cities were affected by the flood strategy used by the Dutch.
E. Erosion caused by floods will alter the landscape.

36. What is the author’s purpose in writing this text?
A. To raise questions about the advantages of using strategic flooding
B. To provide practical information on disaster management
C. To present new research findings on security and defense
D. To share a word of advice for successful strategic flooding
E. To argue for certain lines of action on flood control

37. This passage would probably be assigned reading in which of the following course?
A. Dissaster management
B. Defense and security
C. Risk management
D. Gergraphy
E. Geology

38. What inference can you make about strategic flooding?
A. The impact caused by strategic flooding is more manageable than floods by natural causes.
B. When carried out without careful planning, it puts a strain on an area’s food supply
C. It is a strategy fraught with danger but wroth the risks.
D. It is on of the most important Dutch inventions.
E. It causes high levels of soil salinity.

39. The tone of the author id best described as ...
A. sympathetic
B disastrous
C. objective
D. nostalgic
E. upset

     Dame Zaha Hadid was the uncrowned queen of contemporary architecture. A bona fide autrice, Hadid was without a doubt the world’s most famous woman in a strachitec stratosphere _40_ by her masculine peers. During her student days in London at the Architectural Association School of Archictecture, the Iraqi-British architec was intensly proccupied with changing our general notions of space, not only in a physical sense, but also socially and culturally. Hadid’s building are iconic. They are characterized by their dynamic formal qualities of sinously, curving shapes, or crystallized strata.
     Hadid’s project during the late 1970s and 1980s were marked by a profound understanding of early 20th Century avant-garde artists and architects. In an attempt ot redevelop and make relevant again the formal investigations of Russian Constructivism and Italian Futurism, her projects expressed utopian ideals.
     Today, Zaha Hadid Architects create landmarks project for all types of functional programs. Their buildings are never bland or mundane, but moreover assertive statements of a particular view that the world _42_ indeed look different. Their efforts have resulted in a staggering almost one thousand projects throughout the globe, in every scale, from urban design schemes to objects and furniture design.
     Along with her strong conceptual and historical awareness, _43_ a recurrent source of inspiration for Zaha Hadid’s architecture. It includes attention to physical contexts and landscape, resulting in layered structures or powerful moving lines and also exploring possible interfaces between patterns and construction.
     Zaha Hadid Architects embranced digital drawing early on. This has made the studio able to challenge _44_, leading us to the 21st century urban architecture.

40. ....
A. dominates
B. dominated
C. to dominate
D. was dominated
E. had been dominated

41. The italic phrase in the second paragraph means ...
A. Going
B. Trying
C. Standing
D. Opposing
E. Determining

42. ...
A. must
B. should
C. may
D. will
E. has to

43. ....
A. as nature’s froms and shapes appear
B. nature froms shapes which appear as
C. nature’s froms and shapes appear as
D. nature’s appearance as shapes and froms
E. nature shapes froms appearing as

44. ...
A. the landmark projects
B. her male counterparts
C. traditional atchicture
D. patterns and construction
E. the development of new designs

45. This sentence “This sums up a kind of new Baroque, a sensuous, more vibrant and engaging type of architecture.” Should be the last sentence of paragraph ...
A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
E. 5
Next Post »